Handloom of Bihar
The handloom industry occupies a place of prominence in cur country’s economy by virtue of its being the largest cottage industry providing means of livelihood to millions, particularly in the rural area.
The history of the handloom industry dates back to the Epic Ages. The Tussar silk of Bhagalpur, Gossamer silk of Varanasi, fine Muslin of Dacca and Patola of Baroda and other fabrics of Assam, Manipur, Orissa and South India have been famous for ages. Export of handwoven cloth dates back to the time of Gautama Buddha. The handloom fabrics of India occupied a priceless position in the early civilisations of Egypt, Rome and Babylon. It is well-known that from early times upto the 18th Century handloom textiles of excellent quality and workmanship were exported in considerable quantities to European countries.Till the 19th century, when there were no machines for weaving, the handloom industry was the sole supplier of cloth in the country.
Bhagalpuri SilkBihar has ample potential to house textile units and other value chain activities. Silk is the focus product in Bihar, for textile units. Bihar has been famous for the production of silk. Bhagalpur district of Bihar has been a centre of silk fabric manufacturing. Tassar silk of Bhagalpur is an exclusive product of Bihar which has the potential to fetch premium prices. Bihar had produced around 60 tonnes silk during 2014-15.
There are two traditions of folk embroidery in Bihar-Kashidakari and Sujani. Sujani is a traditional craft of Bihar, which mainly depicts stories and in the past has been used extensively to spread awareness about social issues. Sujani is an age-old practice among women of Bihar and what make it remarkable is the unique narrative elements in its embroidery. Women stitch their experience, their sorrows and their realities on the Sujani