Bihar, fundamentally an agrarian economy, has a large agricultural and animal production base offering abundant supply of raw material to be processed for human consumption. Despite these natural advantages, the level of food processing is very low and there is scope to improve the food processing levels to meet the increasing requirements of the state's growing population, while at the same time offering a sustainable consumption market..
Further, the rising income and changing life style in the cities as well as rural Bihar is changing the consumption demand towards processed food. Therefore, the state offers a substantial opportunity for the food processing industry and is expected to play a leading role in the industrialization drive of this state. Some of the strategic advantages in this sector across key product offerings are listed below.
Food-grains (cereals, pulses and oilseeds)
- The production level of cereals in the state has grown annually at 5.65% in the last 5 years i.e. 2010-11 to 2014-15. Total cereal production of the state was 143.21 lakh tonnes in 2014-15 which is one of the largest in the country.
- Some of the major products of the state are:
Rice: 82.41 lakh tonnes
Wheat: 35.70 lakh tonnes
Maize: 24.78 lakh tonnes
Pulses:4.28 lakh tonnes
Oilseeds: 1.27 lakh tonnes
- Maize processing units with installed capacity of more than 100 TPD, including units for manufacturing starch and cattle and/or poultry feed
- Any other cereal processing/flour/starch/dough mixes, breakfast food manufacturing unit with installed capacity more than 100 TPD.
- Pulses processing unit
- Modern unit for oilseeds processing or extraction from raw materials obtained locally; like Vanaspati oil manufacturing from rice bran and vegetables like soya-bean, safflower/sunflower, mustard, ground nut, etc. as well as fats and oils extracted from bovine/sheep/goat/fish/marine animals, etc. Unit for solvent extraction for edible oils with or without integrated refining facility.
Fruits & Vegetables
- Bihar ranks first among all the Indian states in terms of vegetable production. The total vegetable production in the state was 144.99 lakh tonnes in 2014-15.
- Some of the major vegetables produced in the state are :
Potato: 63.46 lakh tonnes
Onion: 12.47 lakh tonnes
Cauliflower: 10.03 lakh tonnes
Tomato: 10.46 lakh tonnes
- Other vegetables such as cabbage, okra, carrot, and pea are also grown in the state which can be used for commercial processing.
- Some of the major fruits produced in the state are:
Banana: 15.27 lakh tonnes
Mango:12.72 lakh tonnes
Guava:3.7 lakh tonnes
Litchi:1.98 lakh tonnes
Fruits &Vegetable (F&V) Processing
- All kinds of F&V processing units (including units for manufacturing dehydrated and frozen F&V items using IQF/Blast Freezer/Spiral Freezer, etc.)
- Dehydration and powdering of vegetables like onions, mushrooms, etc.
- Unit for processing litchi (e.g. units for manufacturing litchi pulp, juice, pulp slabs, jam, jelly, beverage, nectar, candies, powder, etc.)
- Unit for processing local variety of mangoes into pulp, juice, pulp slabs, jam, jelly, beverage, nectar, candies, powder, etc. (units using mango pulp imported from other states or countries shall not be considered under the priority sector. )
- Unit for banana processing (e.g. banana chips, pulp, powder, baby food, jam, jelly, banana flower vegetables, banana trunk vegetables & pickles, etc.)
- Unit for makhana processing (e.g. unit for producing makhana pops, making flavoured and/or roasted makhana snacks, RTC kheer, baby food etc.)