Handloom of Bihar

The handloom industry occupies a place of prominence in cur country’s economy by virtue of its being the largest cottage industry providing means of livelihood to millions, particularly in the rural area.

The history of the handloom industry dates back to the Epic Ages. The Tussar silk of Bhagalpur, Gossamer silk of Varanasi, fine Muslin of Dacca and Patola of Baroda and other fabrics of Assam, Manipur, Orissa and South India have been famous for ages. Export of handwoven cloth dates back to the time of Gautama Buddha. The handloom fabrics of India occupied a priceless position in the early civilisations of Egypt, Rome and Babylon. It is well-known that from early times upto the 18th Century handloom textiles of excellent quality and workmanship were exported in considerable quantities to European countries.Till the 19th century, when there were no machines for weaving, the handloom industry was the sole supplier of cloth in the country.

Bihar has one of the longest art traditions in the country. The University of Nalanda was renowned not only for its disciplines of Humanities and the Sciences but also for its artistic tradition. The sculptures of that period are noted for their serenity, grace and flowing lines. The city of Patliputra was one of the great metropolitan centres of the ancient world and its kings and nobles offered patronage to a variety of arts.