Bihar, the ancient land of Buddha, has witnessed golden period of Indian history. It is the same land where the seeds of the first republic were sown and which cultivated the first crop of democracy. Such fertile is the soil that has given birth to in-numerous intellectuals which spread the light of knowledge and wisdom not only in the country but in the whole world.
Bihar is located in the eastern part of the country (between 83°-30' to 88°-00' longitude). It is an entirely land–locked state, although the outlet to the sea through the port of Kolkata is not far away. Bihar lies mid-way between the humid West Bengal in the east and the sub humid Uttar Pradesh in the west which provides it with a transitional position in respect of climate, economy and culture. It is bounded by Nepal in the north and by Jharkhand in the south. The Bihar plain is divided into two unequal halves by the river Ganga which flows through the middle from west to east. The state has its capital at Patna, which is situated on the bank of the holy river Ganga.
- Latitude 24°-20'-10" ~ 27°-31'-15" N
- Longitude 83°-19'-50" ~ 88°-17'-40" E
- Rural Area 92,257.51 sq. kms
- Urban Area 1,095.49 sq. kms
- Total Area 94,163.00 sq. kms
- Height above Sea-Level 173 Feet
- Normal Rainfall 1,205 mm
- Avg. Number of Rainy Days 52.5 Days in a Year
The state has a strong agricultural base for setting up agro-based industries like agri & food processing units for sugar, jute, tea, etc.
The state has virtual monopoly in production of Litchi, Makhana and Honey.
Direct access to 46 percent of the India's population having common with UP, Orissa, Jharkhand and West Bengal and international border with Nepal & NE states with chicken neck.
The Gangetic plain of Bihar, the biodiversity of Bihar, is backed by good climate & fertile soil.
Fairly motivated and hard working manpower.
The state is capable of producing mushrooms of best quality and in abundant quantity.
Traditional knowledge weavers are available in plenty.
Very close to international silk route.